PGD in Germany

On the 14th of November the German government approved a  draft decree, regulating the use of preimplantation genetic diagnosis.Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) - diagnosis of genetic diseases of human embryos before implantation in the uterus. The essence of the method is in the following: on the third day of the development of the embryos, when they consist of 6-8 cells (blastomeres), one blastomere is taken for analysis, which can reveal the presence of some genetic abnormalities.The advantage of the method is that, when it is used there is no need in selective abortion, and the probability of giving birth to a child without a diagnosed genetic disease is high enough.

In Germany, the attitude towards PGD is ambiguous - in 2010, a gynecologist from Berlin who conducted the unfortunate diagnosis, was on trial. As a result, the doctor was acquitted, but the question of an immediate change in the law in this area was raised.

Three versions of the bill had been presented in the Bundestag. The first, which eventually was approved, allowed PGD with certain restrictions, the second - called for a complete ban of the diagnosis, the third bill also imposed a ban, but with some exceptions. As a result, PGD is allowed only when there is a risk of hereditary diseases, based on the results of parents DNA testing, miscarriage or possibility of serious complications during childbirth. The conclusion of an independent Ethics Commission is also necessary.

The opponents of the method call it "selection" and fear that children will be selected by appearance or gender. Especially for them – there is no question of any «selection». Both in Germany and in Russia preimplantation genetic diagnosis is made for medical reasons ONLY, and after the decision of geneticist.