Does allergy to semen can prevent the birth of children?

When some time after the marriage, Dominic and Anna Robbins still didn’t have a long awaited child, they decided that the problem was in Anna, because she suffered from polycystic ovaries and had a number of gynecological diseases. When, after long-term treatment pregnancy hadn’t occurred, Dominic was additionally tested and the doctors found that the man suffered from a rather unusual pathology – he had an allergy to his own sperm.

Immunological factor of male infertility is one of the least studied in modern medicine, but fairly common - about 10% of men produce antibodies to their own sperm.

In the case of Dominic, the matter was in groin injury received in childhood. The thing is that such injuries often result in a rupture of capillaries and tubules.


Because of this, sperm cells are released into the bloodstream, immune cells of which begin to perceive the sperm cells as hostile, which causes corresponding immune response. Thus, after the injury sperm antibodies begin to form in blood and semen, preventing normal formation of sperm cells and contributing to the development of male infertility.

If such antibodies are found, the therapy should be aimed at addressing the causes that provoked immunological factor of infertility. Unfortunately, the treatment of this form of male infertility is often ineffective. In this case, the couple has one chance to become happy parents of their own children - to use an IVF program with ICSI technology, which allows doctors to select only one healthy sperm, which will become the "father". By the way, in the Robbins case everything ended successfully – the couple already has two children.